A Denial-of-Service vulnerability has been discovered in the Cisco Nexus 3000 and 9000 series switches, which could allow a threat actor to cause a denial-of-service condition due to a flaw in the IS-IS (Intermediate System-to-Intermediate System) protocol.
ISIS is one of the family of IP routing protocols and can also act as an Interior Gateway Protocol (IGP), which is used to distribute IP routing information throughout a very large network that has a single routing policy.
The vulnerability exists due to the unexpected restart of the IS-IS process, causing an infected device to restart. Threat actors can exploit this vulnerability by sending a crafted IS-IS packet to an infected device that can cause the device to reload.
CVE-2023-20169: Cisco Nexus 3000 and 9000 Series Switches IS-IS Protocol Denial of Service Vulnerability
Additionally, there is insufficient input validation when parsing ingress IS-IS packets, leading to this denial of service condition on the affected devices. This vulnerability has been assigned with a CVE ID of CVE-2023-20169 and has a severity of 7.4 (High), as stated by NVD.
However, there are prerequisites for threat actors to exploit this vulnerability. The threat actor must be layer 2 adjacent to the affected device for successful exploitation.
Cisco has released a security advisory for this vulnerability, including a list of affected devices and a list of not vulnerable devices.
Affected Products & How to Detect
As mentioned by Cisco, the affected products include Nexus 3000 Series Switches and Nexus 9000 Series Switches in standalone NX-OS mode. In addition, Cisco has also provided steps to detect if a Switch has enabled IS-IS Protocol.
“A device that is configured for IS-IS authentication can still be affected by this vulnerability. For more information, see Cisco Nexus 9000 Series NX-OS Unicast Routing Configuration Guide, Release 10.3(x): IS-IS Authentication,” reads the security advisory released by Cisco.
The list of products that Cisco has confirmed are not vulnerable can be checked in this Cisco security advisory section.
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